After the disintegration of the Soviet Union five Central Asian states Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan emerged as independent state. In the past 28 years since achieving independence from the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) each Republic has followed different paths for political and economic transformation. Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan have in relative terms made strides in market reforms, while Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan have not yet completed their transitions to market economies. Tajikistan represents an intermediate case.
Central Asia has enjoyed relative stability over the past quarter century. Yet there is vagueness when it comes to the future of the region. During the years of independence, governments, to a different extent, have undergone political, economic and social transformations and did not collapse under the pressure of both internal and external risks. However, political transitions, the breakdown of interdependencies of the Soviet infrastructure, diverse pace of economic development, multi–vector foreign policies pushing each state towards different political, security and economic entities are among many factors that determine the present and the future of the Central Asian states.
Energy-rich Central Asia Republics is surrounded by the fastest growing players in the global economy. The region has potential to become a key trade and transit hub for Russia, China, India and the European Union. According to World Bank, since 2000, the economies of the region have improved. But there are valid concerns that current resource management practices are not sustainable, particularly with regard to the management of water resources. Recent changes in social structures, accompanied by regional climate change, have caused substantial environmental changes leading to security concerns in the region. As a result, the local economy has been significantly impacted to the extent that the potential for social unrest is of great concern. A list of threats and challenges is formed within the security discourses that, as a rule, include a certain ‘traditional set’ of statements about military, terrorist and extremist challenges, illegal drug trafficking, and a number of economic, environmental, and societal challenges.
Although Central Asia region is usually considered as a region, traditional security concerns such as interstate rivalries and the resulting security dilemma are only partially applicable in the context of Central Asia, which can be regarded as unstructured regional formation or ‘security quasi-complex’. Such a situation gives rise to security challenges associated with a lack of coordination between the countries of Central Asia. The absence of a national unity and the institutional weaknesses in the Central Asian countries are strong internal challenges for the existence of the ruling regimes, and provoke responses by the regimes in the manner of “politics of survival”.
On the ‘global’ level, security challenges in Central Asia are determined by Central Asia’s peripheral character in the international context. Given the absence of a regional structure as a security complex, this determines the presence of extra-regional players of public and private nature in the region. As a rule, this presence is associated with the desire to gain access to the natural resources, or to implement geopolitical projects that, in any case, form relevant security challenges in the region.
The proposed conference aims at focusing on the following themes:
1. Traditional Security Challenges in Central Asia
2. Central Asia’s Security: Issues and Challenges
3. Ethnic, religious and linguistic issues in Central Asia
4. Non-Traditional Security threats in Central Asia Region
5. Economic reform and institutional change in Central Asia: towards a new model of the developmental state?
6. Political Reform in Central Asian Republics: problems and prospects
7. Environmental risks in Central Asia and its impact on regional cooperation
8. Water dispute in Central Asia: A Prospect of Conflict or Cooperation?
Foreign policy issues.
The conference will be held in three languages: English, Russian and Kazakh.
27 November, 2019
This international and interdisciplinary conference will bring together a range of academics and scholars to discuss new directions and dimensions of emerging challenges in Central Asia. The conference will be a unique opportunity for networking, learning about good regional and interregional practices, and presenting the academic research.
Conference Important Dates:
– Deadline for Submitting Panel and Abstracts: November 15th, 2019
– Final Participant List: November 20th, 2019
Conference Submissions Rules:
I. Abstract submissions (Deadline November 15th, 2019)
Abstracts of not more than 300 words including keywords should be submitted to firstname.lastname@example.org
The following information is required in the following order:
– Title of the Paper- Bold faced and centre in upper/lower case:
– Name(s) of the Author(s):
– Affiliation(s) of the Author(s):
– Email address(es) of the Author(s):